Q: What is the situation in Mozambique?
A: Mozambique is a former Portuguese colony located Northeast of South Africa, it became independent in 1975 and soon after that fell into a 16 year long civil war from which it started recovering in 1994.
In 2005, Per Capita Gross National Income was $1160 at international dollar rate. Population is 19,792,000 with 78.4% living with less than $2 a day1.
Q: What is the situation with AIDS in Mozambique?
A: Between 1,400,000 and 2,200,000 people are living with AIDS in Mozambique, the median HIV prevalence with adults aged 15-49 is 16.1% among the total population1.
The death due to AIDS in 2005 is estimated at 140,0001.
Q: What’s the situation with children?
A: Children aged 0 to 14 living with HIV are estimated at 140,000.
Orphans aged 0 to 17 due to AIDS are estimated at 510,0001
1.132 million children will have lost one or two parents by 2010, with an immediate consequence on juvenile delinquence and illiteracy2.
Q: How many patients have been put on ARV in the MSF program in Mozambique?
Q: What is the biggest challenge in the fight aigainst AIDS in Africa?
A: Human resources in the medical sector certainly, but it’s not only about AIDS, malaria and tubercolosis have their own death tolls that add to AIDS, and access to drugs is the first challenge.
1 source: UNAIDS
2 source: MSF